Voice disorders refer to a number of conditions that affect the health and function of your voice box and vocal cords. At North Shore ENT in New Hyde Park, New York, board-certified otolaryngologist Alexander Sorin, MD, FACS, specializes in personalized, hands-on treatment of a full range of voice disorders. To discuss your condition with Dr. Sorin, call the office or book your appointment online today.
Voice disorders occur when there is inflammation, an abnormal growth, or damage to the vocal cords that prevents them from working properly. Common voice disorders include:
Laryngitis refers to inflammation of the voice box, or larynx. Laryngitis is typically caused by overuse or infections that irritate the larynx. When the vocal cords become inflamed, your voice becomes hoarse, weak, or strained.
Although most cases of laryngitis clear up with the underlying cause, some patients experience chronic laryngitis. Chronic laryngitis lasts longer than three weeks and is usually caused by long-term exposure to irritants like chemical fumes, smoke, and allergens.
Vocal paralysis occurs when the vocal cord muscles become paralyzed. Disruptions to the nerve signals sent to the vocal cords prevent you from speaking and breathing normally.
Vocal cord paralysis is caused by nerve damage. Several conditions can cause nerve damage to the vocal cords, including neck or chest injuries, neck surgery, tumors, and certain infections.
Vocal cord lesions refer to cancerous and noncancerous growths that develop on the vocal cords. Vocal cord lesions include cysts, polyps, and nodules. These growths are often caused by overuse or improper use of your voice. Long-term wear-and-tear on your vocal cords can also result in vocal cord lesions.
Vocal cord lesions can cause hoarseness and affect the quality of your voice.
Symptoms of voice disorders include:
Treating your voice disorder depends on the severity of your symptoms and the underlying cause of your condition. To determine the best treatment for your condition, Dr. Sorin performs an in-depth evaluation of your vocal health.
Treatment for your voice disorder begins with a diagnosis. To diagnose your condition, Dr. Sorin may perform a number of evaluations, including:
Dr. Sorin checks for signs of infection, irritation, and other abnormalities. Once you are diagnosed, you and Dr. Sorin work together to develop a treatment to address the underlying cause of your symptoms. Treatment for your voice disorder may include:
North Shore ENT provides many in-office solutions for voice disorders. To find out which treatment is right for you, book an appointment by phone or online today.